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An eligible data breach arises when the following three criteria are satisfied:
In this context, serious harm to an individual may include serious:
Once a breach is classified as one of serious harm does an organisation needs to report it to not only the individual or individuals who have been affected but also the Australian Information Commissioner.
Data breaches can be caused by a variety of factors, involve different types of personal information, and give rise to a range of actual or potential harms to individuals and entities.
Each breach needs to be dealt with on a case-by-case basis, with an understanding of the risks posed by a breach and the actions that would be most effective in reducing or removing these risks.
Essential steps for protection of data:
Best practices to prevent and respond to data breach include: